What are Dental Implants?
These are tooth roots made of titanium posts that support a crown. It is implemented surgically by inserting it into a jawbone where it will osseointegrate or fuse itself into the jawbone in the matter of time so that it is perfectly fixed in position. After the fusing, an abutment is attached to the post frame. It emerges above the gum line in order to provide the area where the dental crown can be screwed or cemented. It is suitable for those who have lost a tooth or teeth because of an injury, disease or other reasons.
There are 2 types of dental implants:
- Endosteal implants
During surgery, these are directly implanted into the jawbone. Second shot at surgery might be needed in order to connect the post to the first implant, once the healing of gum tissue has taken place. Eventually, an artificial tooth is implanted to the post.
- Subperosteal implants
In this case, a metal frame is cemented into the jawbone right below the gum tissue. The frame is hence fixed into the jawbone once the healing of the gums has taken place. Like endosteal implants, an artificial tooth is implanted to the post at last.
What are Dental Bridges?
As the name suggests, dental bridges help in bridging the gap between one or more missing teeth. The bridge is firmly held by natural teeth or implants on any of the sides. It is formed of two or more crowns for the teeth for both the parts of the gap. The anchoring teeth are known as abutment teeth and the fake teeth that are held in between are known as pontics.
There are three types of dental bridges:
- Traditional bridges
This is the most common dental bridges of all. It is formulated of either ceramics or porcelain which is fused to metal. This dental bridge is made by a crown for the tooth or implant for any side of the gap, and as usual, pontic is held in between.
- Cantilever Bridges
This dental bridge is not as general as the former, but it is strictly forbidden to use for the back of the mouth where much force is exerted. These bridges are implemented when there exist adjacent teeth on only one side of the missing teeth’s gap.
- Maryland Bonded Bridge
This resin-bonded bridge is created of porcelain. Porcelain is fused to metal and plastic teeth are aided by porcelain or metal framework. The natural teeth on any side of the gap is fixed to the metal or porcelain wings on the dental bridge.